Know About Sundarban

Know About Sundarban

Know About Sundarban: The Sundarbans are certainly a large mangrove region in the Bay of Bengal delta that was created by the delicate confluence of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers. This confluence was responsible for the formation of the Sundarbans. It creates an important link between the Hooghly River in Bangladesh and the Baleswar River in the state of West Bengal in India. In general, it is comprised of agricultural lands, mudflats, barren terrain, and various types of open and closed mangrove forests.

The fact that it is connected by a number of tidal streams and canals is, without a doubt, rather significant. Four threatened locations in the Sundarbans have been somewhat recognised as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, namely in a very significant manner. This recognition comes from the organisation. This blog can provide us with additional information regarding the Sundarbans.

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The Great Sundarbans National Park includes not only the Sundarbans West, Sundarbans South, and Sundarbans sort of East Wildlife Preserves, but also the Sundarbans West, Sundarbans South, and Sundarbans sort of East Wildlife Preserves.

In spite of these safeguards, the Indian Sundarbans were classified as an endangered ecosystem in an assessment conducted in 2020 according to the framework of the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems, which is something that is fairly significant.

The Sundarbans mangrove woodland protects an area of approximately 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi), of which 6,017 km2 (2,323 sq mi) is located inside Bangladesh’s Khulna Division and 4,260 km2 (1,640 sq mi) is located within West Bengal, namely within the South and North 24 Parganas districts.

Sundri, also known as Heritiera fomes, was the most fundamental common tree species in a roundabout way (Excoecaria agallocha). This blog can provide us with additional information regarding the Sundarbans.

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In particular, the jungles are home to 453 different kinds of creatures, which is a rather significant number overall. This number includes 290 species of birds, 120 species of fish, 42 species of mammals, 35 species of reptiles, and eight species of amphibians.

It is clear that there has been a consistent pattern of decreased biodiversity or species loss in the twentieth century, despite the fact that all forms of animal slaughter and capture have been completely outlawed, with the exception of fish and some invertebrates. Furthermore, it is also clear that the ecological integrity of the forest is deteriorating. This blog can provide us with additional information regarding the Sundarbans.

The executive of the Forest is primarily responsible for managing and organising in a significant manner the Sundarban National Park which is located in West Bengal. In 1993, a Woodland Circle was established in Bangladesh with the purpose of preserving the country’s forests, and ever since then, Chief Conservators of Forests have been selected for their positions.

In spite of the assertions made by both administrations, the Sunderbans continue to face a looming danger from a combination of natural and anthropogenic sources. Cyclone Sidr, which made landfall in 2007, was responsible for the covert destruction of more than forty per cent of the Sundarbans.

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The increased salinity that is the result of rising sea levels and drastically limited freshwater resources is a very important issue that the forestry industry is struggling with. In May 2009, Hurricane Aila wreaked devastation across a large area, including the Sundarban, causing widespread destruction. At least one hundred thousand people were made to look quite foolish as a result of this hurricane.

According to a report published by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2016, a proposed coal-fired power station in the Rampal Upazila of the Bagerhat District in Khulna, Bangladesh, could pose a significant threat to a very rare mangrove forest that is located approximately 14 kilometres (8.7 miles) to the north of the Sundarbans. This blog can provide us with additional information regarding the Sundarbans.

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Sundarban is a name with roots in Bengali culture, according to all accounts. Bengali: meaning “beautiful woods” It is commonly considered that it was cleverly altered from the authentic original name of the dilleniid dicot species Rhizophora mangle, which belongs to the genus Fomes.

There is also the possibility that the name is a mangled version of Samudraban, Shomudrobôn (which translates to “Sea Forest”), or Chandra-band, the name of a significant tribe. This blog can provide us with additional information regarding the Sundarbans.


It is possible to trace the history of the planet back to around 200–300 AD. A community that Chand had built. They thought that Sadagar had been located in the Baghmara Forest Block, but it turned out that they were wrong. Local communities were provided access to the forests of the Sundarban by early Mughal Emperors. This occurred during the early years of the Mughal Empire.

In order to avoid being captured by Emperor Akbar’s army, a considerable number of lawbreakers fled to the Sundarbans for safety. Tigers are responsible for actual physical attacks on a number of humans.

They claimed that during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, many of the structures that they designed ended up in the possession of dacoits, salt smugglers, and a type of Portuguese pirate. In particular, and this is of the utmost importance, the ruins that can be seen in Netidhopani and other locations all over the Sundarbans may provide direct evidence of this.

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The status of the woodlands experienced a number of shifts, and it now bears the distinction of being the first Rhizophora mangle forest anywhere in the world to essentially come under the administration of scientists. In 1757, shortly after the British Archipelago Company was said to have purchased property rights from Mughal Emperor Alamgir II, Surveyor General I made the first Persian map of the world.

Within a decade of the establishment of the Forest Department in the Pence area, which was virtually a part of British Bharat at the time, the beginnings of the tract’s systematised administration were put in place. This holds a great deal of importance. The management was merely structured with the intention of stealing as much money as they possibly could, which was typically a significant amount. This blog can provide us with additional information regarding the Sundarbans.

In spite of the fact that certain prizes were given out, the majority of the manual labour and lesser managerial jobs were genuinely held by locals. This was due to the fact that the British possessed the knowledge or adaptive skills essential in Rhizoand to delicately influence the trees.

In the year 1869, the Sundarbans saw the establishment of the first Forest Management Division that was given responsibility for the region. People were encouraged to assume that this was the case as a result of Act VIII of the Forest Act of 1865, which, in the year 1875, designated an actual sizeable percentage of the Rhizophora mangle woodlands as conserved forests.

The next year, the remaining areas of the woods were practically declared reserve forests, and the forest, which had previously been under the supervision of the civil administration district, was virtually handed to the Forest Department, which is essentially pretty significant. This blog can provide us with additional information regarding the Sundarbans.

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The Forest Division is a type of major administrative and management body for forests, and it was initially created in 1879. Its subtle headquarters are located in Khulna, which is located in Bangladesh.

The really primary management agreement was covertly established for the magnificent fiscal year 1893-1898, which is when it was implemented for the most part. In 1911, it was commonly referred to be a strip of wasteland, despite the fact that it had almost never been surveyed and had been counted in the census only indirectly.

From the mouth of the Hooghly watercourse to the mouth of the Meghna watercourse, which is, for all intents and purposes, extremely significant, it literally began inland by the three populous districts of the Twenty-four Parganas, Khulna, and Bakerganj. The Hooghly and Meghna watercourses are both considered to be extremely important.

They were certain in their estimation that the overall landmass encompassed 16,900 square kilometres or 6,526 square miles (including water). In particular, it was a swampy woodland that was teeming with tigers and various other truly terrifying monsters. Attempts at reclamation were not usually extremely fruitful most of the time.


The Sundarban forest is located in the south of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, close to the junction of the Hooghly, Padma, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers. The Hooghly and Padma rivers are both tributaries of the Ganges.

The Meghna river is also a tributary of the Ganges. The fact that the very young swamp woods of the Sundarban are located inland from the Rhizophora mangle trees that make up the coastal limit is a particularly significant feature of the region. This blog can provide us with additional information regarding the Sundarbans.

A sizeable portion of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh’s total land area of 12,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) is taken up by the forest, which occupies a total of 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) (2,300 sq mi). In contrast to what most people believe, it is believed that the Indian portion of the Sundarbans is approximately 4,110 km2 (1,590 sq mi) in size.

Of this area, approximately 1,700 km2 (660 sq mi) is covered by water bodies in the form of watercourses, canals, and streams, with widths ranging from undoubtedly a few metres to very many kilometres. The Sundarbans are home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, including endangered species.

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The Sundarbans are cut through by an exceptionally complex network of mudflats, streams that have a pattern of recurrence, and teeny-tiny islands covered with salt-resistant Rhizophora mangle plants. In contrast to what most people believe, the network of canals that are connected to one another provides boat access to almost every part of the forest.

In contrast to the widespread belief, the world is renowned not just for the tiger (Panthera tigris Tigris), but also for a great variety of other animal and bird species, such as cervids, crocodiles, and snakes. This blog can provide us with additional information regarding the Sundarbans.

The ecoregion has been mostly used for intensive agriculture for hundreds of years, and as a result, there are only a very tiny number of enclaves that are still completely forested. As a consequence of this, the fertile soils of the delta have been subjected to a tremendous amount of human exploitation.

The mangroves and the surviving woods in the Sundarbans come together to form a vital habitat for the endangered tiger, which is something that is very important. In addition, the Sundarbans physically protect the numerous people who live in Khulna and Mongla from the floods that might be caused by storms, which is a very important factor.


The Sundarbans are a sophisticated system that include one of the three largest single tracts of mangrove forests in the world. The Sundarbans are primarily dominated by Rhizophora mangle, which is one of the world’s three most common mangrove species. The People’s Republic of Bangladesh serves as the backdrop for the vast majority of the book, while there is some action that takes place in Bharat as well.

According to their calculations, the areas of the forest that are located in India and Bangladesh each account for around 40% and 60% of the overall area, respectively. They believed that the forest had a strong boundary with heavy cultivation to the north, and that it mostly bordered the Bay of Bengal to the south, the Baleswar watercourse to the east, and that it had a border with the Bay of Bengal to the east. This blog can provide us with additional information regarding the Sundarbans.

Outside of the main watercourse channels, rather significant embankments and polders effectively hinder natural avoidance inside all upstream parts of the landscape. The Sundarbans were first thought to cover an area of approximately sixteen thousand seven hundred square kilometres, which is equivalent to six thousand four hundred square miles.

This estimation was made approximately two hundred years ago. In particular, it has now quietly shrunk to approximately one-third of the magnificent size it had when it was first created. For all intents and purposes, the entire region currently encompasses 4,143 square kilometres (1,600 square miles), out of which 42 square kilometres, which is a pretty significant portion, are made up of exposed sandbars. This blog can provide us with additional information regarding the Sundarbans.

kilometres (around 16 square miles), while the remaining 1,874 square kilometres (724 square miles) of water area is made up of rivers, minor streams, and canals in a more subtle form. The rivers that run through the Sundarbans play an especially important role as junctions between saltwater and freshwater in this region.

Because of this, it is a district that serves as a transition between the freshwater of the Ganges and the saline water of the geographical area surrounding the bay, which is something that is pretty significant for all intents and purposes.

It was believed that the Sundarbans, which are located on the Bay of Bengal, developed over the course of millennia due to the relatively natural deposition of sediments from upstream during the process of coastline segregation.

Deltaic formations are prevalent across the landscape, and there are an uncountable number of voidance lines connected with surface and subaquatic levees, splays, and repeating event flats.

There are genuinely higher-than-average tide marshes, recurrent event sandbars, and islands with these features, which are normally quite essential. The networks of recurrent event channels, subaquatic distal bars, proto-delta clays and silt deposits are also present.

There is a significant amount of elevation change across the floor of the Sundarbans, which ranges from 0.9 to 2.11 metres (3.1 to 6.9 feet) above mean sea level. Beaches, estuaries, permanent and semi-permanent wetlands, recurrent event flats, recurrent event streams, coastal dunes, back dunes, and levees are examples of environments that have, for the most part, greatly contributed to the origin of life.

They specifically felt that the coastal vegetation is important to wetland morphology and that the Rhizophora mangle vegetation helps the construction of the most recent terra firma. They also claimed that the Rhizophora mangle vegetation has a role in the formation of wetlands.

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Rhizophora mangle’s interactions with the animals that live on seashore mudflats essentially create micromorphological possibilities that are sort of appealing and basically keep sediments to form a stratum for Rhizophora mangle seeds in a pretty significant way. In contrast to the general consensus, a huge number of xeric and halophytic plants are responsible for a substantial portion of the growth and formation of the dunes in Greece, in particular.

Sand dunes and other types of unconsolidated sediments can be effectively stabilised by creepers, grasses, and sedges. The Sunderbans mudflats (Banerjee, 1998) are square places that are located in bodies of water and on deltaic islands in areas where there is undoubtedly a very low rate of flow and current, which is in all actuality very large.

It is a common misconception that the flats are exposed at essentially low tides and submerged during essentially high tides; however, this is not the case. Instead, the flats are exposed at essentially low tides and submerged during essentially high tides, which results in morphological changes even throughout a single recurrent event cycle.

In contrast to what most people believe, the tides are so powerful that a third of the land disappears and then reappears on a regular basis. In general, however, the alluring internal qualities of the mudflats provide the ideal setting for mangroves to thrive.

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Address: Tiger More, Gosaba, Pakhiralay, Pakhiralay Main road, District- 24 Parganas South, West Bengal 743370

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