Introduction of Natural beauty Sundarban in Westbengal.

Natural beauty In Sundarban Westbengal.

The Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world, are a collection of islands connected by a system of rivers and canals and home to a variety of rich natural resources. The Sundarbans are a unique environment and ecosystem that has been recognised globally for their importance in terms of biodiversity and resources. The Sundarbans are home to a large range of crucial flora and fauna that are both locally and internationally threatened. Due to the presence of the Royal Bengal Tiger, estuarine crocodiles, a variety of dolphins, reptiles, and a number of critically endangered birds and animals, the Sundarbans play an important role in ecotourism.

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The first forest management division in charge of the Sundarbans was established in 1869. A significant section of the mangrove forests was categorised as restricted forests in 1875 under the Forest Act of 1865. (1865 Act VIII). The forest, which had previously been under the control of the civil administration district, was transferred to the Forest Department the next year after the remaining portions of the woods were classified as reserve forests. As the primary administrative and management entity for forests, a forest division was created in 1879, with its administrative centre located in Khulna, Bangladesh. The initial management plan was made from 1893 to 1898.

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So was excluded from the census in 1911 because it was considered a section of unexplored wasteland. It was 266 kilometres (165 miles) long at the time, extending from the Hugli River’s mouth to the Meghna River’s mouth. The three populated districts of the 24 Parganas, Khulna and Bakerganj, bordered it on the interior. The total area (including water) was estimated to be 16,900 square kilometres (6,526 sq mi). There were several tigers and other wild creatures in the marshy jungle.

The attempts to recover the land had been abject failures. The Sundarbans are traversed by streams and river channels, some of which served as waterways for both native and steamboat traffic across the Bengal area. A large portion of the delta is located in Bangladesh.

Sundarban Geography

Between the longitudes of 88° 42′ and 89° 04′ E and the latitudes of 21° 432′ and 21° 55′ N is where you’ll find the Sundarban National Park. On average, the park is 7.5 metres above sea level. There are 54 little islands in the park, and numerous Ganges river tributaries pass through it.

Sundarban Eco-geography, rivers and watercourses

Seven major rivers and other watercourses come together to form a network of channels in this estuary delta. All rivers drain into the sea in a southerly direction. The two flow tides and two ebb tides that occur every 24 hours, with a tidal range of 3-5 m and up to 8 m in a typical spring tide, totally rely on the tidal motion to cover the whole Sundarban at varying depths.

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The geomorphology is unexpected due to the tidal motion’s deposit of silts back into the channels, elevation of the bed, and formation of new islands and streams. The Swatch of No Ground, a sizable natural depression in the Bay of Bengal where the water depth abruptly jumps from 20 m to 500 m, is located between 21°00′ and 21°22′ latitude. The silts are pushed south or east by this mysterious depression, creating new islands.

Sunderban Tiger Reserve


The South 24 Parganas district of West Bengal, India, is where the Sunderban Tiger Reserve is situated. It has a total area of 2585 km2, of which 1437.4 km2 are populous areas and the other 1474 km2 are covered by forest. The mangrove environment and the Sunderban landscape are neighbours in Bangladesh. The Sunderban mangroves are a component of the biggest mangrove system in India and are home to a population of tigers in a special ecological setting. These forests are home to a variety of bird species, saltwater crocodiles, and estuary and sea turtles. The reserve is home to spotted deer, rhesus monkeys, fishing cats, wild pigs, and spotted deer.

A thick forest separates the Sunderban from the other tiger-infested mainlands. Forest resources are thus under a great deal of biotic stress. Under a permit from the Indian Forest Service, locals harvest 3 metric tonnes of wax and 50 metric tonnes of honey annually. Small to large islands are created by the many, narrow tidal streams that cut through the landscape. Tigers frequently visit these islands, and interactions between humans and tigers are regular.

It was not possible to estimate the tiger population in Sunderban using the updated approach because of the unique environment and the erasure of evidence caused by high and low tides. Using a mix of radio telemetry and the rate of pugmark deposition from known tigers, phase I data collection is complete, and tiger estimation is currently under way.

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Damage from Cyclone Aila

Cyclone Aila made landfall in Sunderban on May 25, 2009, damaging nearby field camps and towns. Numerous individuals have been left stranded in the region due to extensive flooding caused by breaches in the embankments on the village side. The field camps were swamped in 12 to 15 feet of water for approximately seven hours, which resulted in soil erosion and harm to staff quarters, generators, and bamboo piling. According to accounts, a tiger that was stumbling around a village’s abandoned cow barn was apprehended and released back into the wild. No known tiger fatalities have been reported, only the deaths of two spotted deer. In the relief effort, a number of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have contributed.

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The State Forest Department has established a commission to look into the damage, which is estimated to be worth over Rs. 11150,000. The state has got Rs. 10 million in central funding via Project Tiger to help with the repair of damaged infrastructure.

Damage from Cyclone Amphan

In West Bengal, India, 2.9 million dwellings were reported destroyed, according to the Indian Red Cross Society’s (IRCS) fast assessment report from June 2020. For individuals who had completely or partially lost their homes, supplies of shelter kits, cooking equipment, tarpaulins, and lighting options were required. In West Bengal, the storm caused damage to 5,142 sub-centres at the community level, 563 primary health centres, and 169 Block primary health centres. The COVID-19 epidemic had already overburdened the existing health services, and the cyclone’s destruction exacerbated this situation. The danger of water- and vector-borne illnesses would increase in the waterlogged regions with garbage and other waste products.

In the South 24 Parganas area, Cyclone Amphan made landfall on May 20, 2020, close to Sagar Island. It has caused the devastation of infrastructure and the loss of life. The storm destroyed “nearly the whole nylon fencing” in the forest, which deters tigers from entering towns on the edge of the forest and prevents man-animal conflict. In addition to the fence, the hurricane reportedly damaged “dozens of forest camp offices, tents, watch towers, and staff quarters.” The West Bengal Forest Department was initially concerned that the cyclone would hurt or kill tigers, however, post-cyclone patrolling discovered no dead tigers and instead provided glimpses of the animals wandering the forest.

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Future challenges for the Sunderban Tiger Reserve include a number of them. Because of wandering tigers, human-tiger conflict persists to be an issue. In the past forty years, it is believed that over a thousand villagers have been killed by tigers in the Sunderban, where tigers target humans. The reserve’s tiger population has not yet been estimated using the updated approach. The Chief Minister-led State Steering Committee’s charter, the establishment of the reserve-specific Tiger Conservation Foundation, and a tiger conservation plan are all awaiting approval.

Read More:

Sundarbans: Exploring the Jungle by Boat
This is the World’s Largest Delta
Facts about crocodiles
Know About Sundarban
know about Mangrove
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Royal Sundarban Tourism logo

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Tour with AC Non AC, AC Luxury cabin, tasteful Menu, truly professed Tour Guide, Private bus, which is fairly significant. 12 regular spots, folk dancing, a bus, a boat, room sanitization, and a package with AC and non- AC, which is fairly significant.

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Sundarban Tour 1 Night 2 Days.

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Address: Tiger More, Gosaba, Pakhiralay, Pakhiralay Main road, District- 24 Parganas South, West Bengal 743370

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