Present status of Faunal resources
Sundarban mangrove forest is the single largest home of the Royal Bengal Tiger( tiger ).
Sundarban is additionally the sole mangrove forest within the world having the tiger as its indigenous population. As per 2004 census, the tiger population in Indian Sundarban is around 274, out of which Sundarban Tiger Reserve and South 24-Parganas Forest Division have 249 Tigers and 25 tigers respectively. There are 58 species of mammals, 55 species of reptiles and around 248 bird species.
Sundarbans also harbors an honest number of rare and globally threatened animals including Estuarine Crocodile ( Crocodilus porosus ), Fishing Cat ( Felis viverrina ), Common otter ( Eurasian otter ), Water monitor ( Varanus salvator ), Gangetic Dolphin ( Platinista gangetica ), Snubfin dolphin ( Orcella brevirostris ), River Terrapin (Batagur baska ), marine turtles like Pacific ridley ( Pacific ridley ), Green marine turtle ( green turtle ), hawksbill ( Eritmochelys imbricata ). Six species of Shark and Ray, which are found here, are included in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act. These indicate that Sundarban Reserved Forest may be a natural biodiversity hot spot.
Other mammals comprise of untamed boars, Spotted deer, Porcupines and Rhesus macaque. Among the reptiles, the hamadryad , the common cobra, banded adder , Russells Viper comprise the community of venomous reptiles, while the Python, Chequered Kil-Back, Dhaman , Green Whip Snake and a number of other other species constitute the non-venomous snakes.
Sundarban Animals Spices
There are 248 species of birds including an outsized number of migrants from the upper latitudes that visit the world in winter. It consists of Herons, Egrets, Cormorants, Storks, Green Pigeons, Sand Pipers, Large and little Spoonbills, Darters, Seagulls, Teal, Partridges, great sort of Wild Geese and Ducks.
Sundarban Animals Spices.
Cetaceans like Snubfin (Irrawady) and Gangetic Dolphin are frequently found within the estuarine rivers, the previous being more abundant. The Black Finless Porpoise ( Necmeris porosus ) is additionally found within the rivers near the estuary. The marshes and river offer asylum to the Estuarine Crocodile, one among the foremost endangered and therefore the largest of crocodiles. a good variety and assortments of fish, molluscs, crabs and prawns inhabit the estuaries. The amphibious mud-skipper fish like Periopthalmus sp. and Boleopthalmus sp. arouse considerable interest.
Also found are Rhincodon typus, Galeocerdo cuvieri, Hammer Headed Shark, Sawfish, Guitar fish and a few common edible fish e.g., Hilsa ilisha , Setipinna breviceps , Setipinna taty, Gudusia chapra etc. Among the crustaceans, commonly found are the One Armed crab ( Uca spp) and therefore the two species of trilobite ( Tachypleus gigus and Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda) . The latter is additionally referred to as the Horse Shoe Crab, which is understood as a living fossil and wishes serious protection due to its medicinal value and uncontrolled collection by quack doctors for commercial purposes.
Sundarban Animals Spices
Insects teem in the forests amongst which the honey bee ( Apis dorsata ) may be a source of considerable income for the poor people living in fringe areas.
Faunal Diversity at a look :
Vertebrate Spp = 481
Hemichordate Spp = 1
Invertebrate Spp = 1104
Protozoan species = 106
Mammals = 58
Birds = 248
Reptiles = 55
Eight sub-species of Tiger within the world :
South China tiger
Royal Sundarban Tourism
AC/Non AC Tour, AC Deluxe Cottage, Delicious Menu, Experienced Tour Guide, Personal Car. 12 Regular Spots, Folk Dance, Car, Boat, Room Sanitization, AC & Non AC Package. Want to Track & See Wild Tigers? Book a Tiger Friendly Safari. Safaris can be booked through your lodge or tour operators. In Service Since 1998. Great Experience. Personalised Service.
Contact: 7439965413 / 877356980
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Address: Sundarban. Gosaba Market Durga Mandir Road, Pin – 743370, West Bengal , India.