tigers in the Sundarban delta

Why do tigers in the Sundarban delta attack humans more often than tigers that live in other areas?

Why do tigers in the Sundarban delta attack humans more often than tigers that live in other areas: As we know, the Sundarbans mangrove forest, located in the Bay of the Bengal (between India and Bangladesh), is home to the largest wild Bengal tiger populations on earth, as well as the biggest number of tiger attacks on humans in the world, far more so than in other areas, rising to around 50–60 annually. And there are two possible reasons behind this killing spree: Let’s know more Why do tigers in the Sundarban delta attack humans more often than tigers that live in other areas.

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On one hand, the Sundarbans is located in a coastal area, which thus renders the water salty, in contrast with the presence of freshwater in other tiger habitats. Studies have shown

that drinking saltwater drives land animals (such as tigers) unusually aggressive because of constant discomfort.

Tigers in the Sundarban delta

On the other hand, the high tides in the area – a sign of sea level rising, something induced by global warming – destroy scent markings made by the big cats to establish territory. This event has probably forced tigers to physically dominate anything entering their turf, including humans. Let’s know more Why do tigers in the Sundarban delta attack humans more often than tigers that live in other areas.

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Five hundred Bengal tigers live in the largest mangrove forest on earth, situated on the border of India and Bangladesh. But so do more than a million humans. Every year the tigers attack up to 60 people, and only half survive to tell the tale.

Nothing strikes more fear into the hearts and minds of the people of the Sundarbans – the vast river delta on the northern shore of the Bay of Bengal – than the word “tiger”. Even the mention of this word can send villagers into a blind panic.

The tigers in the Sundarbans appear to be more aggressive than those in other parts of the world. It is not fully understood why this should be – some suggest it might be the high salinity of the water. Let’s know more Why do tigers in the Sundarban delta attack humans more often than tigers that live in other areas.

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But the most likely cause is depletion of their natural habitat and a shortage of prey. With a million people living on the fringes of the mangrove forest, food scarcity is a problem for humans and tigers alike, with each poaching the other’s prey.

In one village studied by conservationists, tigers were found to kill about 80 domestic animals a year – dogs, goats, buffalo and cows. As a result, villagers carried out several attacks on tigers in retribution. To stop this, in 2008 local conservation groups rolled out 49 Tiger Village response teams. Let’s know more Why do tigers in the Sundarban delta attack humans more often than tigers that live in other areas.

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Bio-restoration is helping revive degraded mangroves in Sunderbans.

Each team of volunteers is responsible for dealing with tigers that stray into villages. Rather than kill the animal, villagers scare it back into the forest by brandishing flaming torches and setting off firecrackers. If this fails they have a number to call to get a swat team on the ground with a tranquilliser to sedate the tiger so that it can be taken back to the forest.

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There is hardly a person here whose life hasn’t been touched by a tiger in some way.

Some areas are more prone to attacks than others. Between 2006 and 2008 several people were killed in Joymoni, a small village on the banks of the Pashur River, bordering the forest. In one of the attacks, a tiger burst through the bamboo walls of a hut in the middle of the night and snatched an 83-year-old woman. Her son, Krisnopodo Mondol, who was in his late 60s at the time, heard her screams.

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“I opened the door and ran to my mother’s bed. But my mother was not there,” he says. “All I saw was the empty bed. I couldn’t find her anywhere. I opened the door to the veranda and in the moonlight, I saw my mother. She was badly injured, lying on the ground, her clothes strewn around her.”

Tears stream down Krisnopodo’s face. At one point he is so overcome with grief, he can’t talk. He fetches a picture of his mother from the wall and looks at it with disbelief. Then he continues.

“The tiger attacked my mother in the left side of her head. Her skull was broken. She was still breathing but senseless.” Before long, she died.

“On my deathbed, I’ll still remember my mother that night,” Krisnopodo says. “When I recall that accident, I cannot hold back my tears. I can still hear that sad scream.”

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